Fundamental Movement Skills

Fundamental movement skills are important to the motor development of children’s physical, cognitive, and social growth. There are four categories in which the fundamental skills fit for under-fives:  Stability and Balance, Manipulative, Locomotor, and Movement and Body Awareness.

5-12 years

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0-5 years 

Stability and Balance

Stability skills relate to the body’s ability to gain or maintain balance, either when still or moving. 
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Manipulative skills are the skills we need for moving balls and objects around. 
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Activities to extend the children in specific manipulative skills:



Locomotor skills require moving from one location to another e.g. crawling, walking, running, jumping, skipping etc. 
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Movement and Body Awareness

Movement and body awareness is the understanding of ‘what my body is like and how I move with it'. 
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Equipment Ideas

Ideal equipment that can be used with young children

  • Balancing equipment - beams, balance boards, walking buckets, etc.
  • Balloons
  • Beanbags
  • Bubbles
  • Buckets
  • Cones
  • Feathers
  • Fly Swats
  • Hoops
  • Jumping equipment - ropes, sacks, things safe to jump over
  • Large/small soft balls
  • Music
  • Parachute
  • Ping pong balls
  • Spots
  • Tunnels


Activity Ideas for at Home 

Sport NZ's Active Movement Booklets

Sport NZ's Active Movement Videos

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